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CBD Topicals

What Should I Know Before Buying CBD Oil? 640 640 The Farmula

What Should I Know Before Buying CBD Oil?

Discovering the benefits of CBD is exciting, and you are probably itching to get started. After all, who doesn’t want to relieve their anxiety and pain and other medical conditions? Of course, while CBD may be able to do these things, there are things to keep in mind before you buy CBD oil or another product.

You want to make sure you are investing in something worthwhile, something that will do what you need it to do. Whether you are a first time buyer or have been struggling to find something that works for you, we have assembled tips to help you decode packaging and select top-quality CBD products.

What To Consider When Buying CBD

Here are some points to keep in mind while shopping for CBD:

Where Was The Hemp Grown?

Knowing the source of the hemp is going to tell you a lot about the quality. If you cannot get CBD sourced from the UK, then you should at least aim for products from France, Netherlands, Spain, Italy, or Germany, since all these places know how to cultivate organic hemp.

What Is The Concentration of CBD?

Concentration refers to the amount of CBD present in an item. It is an important factor, because it can determine the strength (potency) of the product and also the price. Products should always tell you how much CBD is present in the entire container or bottle or serving size.

This is crucial. Without any idea how much CBD you are ingesting, you could go over the recommended amount of CBD and will have difficulties gauging how much to take.

Be skeptical of products that do not have the amount of CBD listed on the labels. Some products might list the cannabinoids present in the formula but not the amount to confuse you. Don’t buy it, in that case.

How Was The CBD Extracted?

Knowing how CBD is extracted is just as important as knowing from where it was sourced. Both are integral to the quality of the product. There are three kinds of extraction methods: CO2 extraction, solvent extraction, and olive oil extraction.

Here is a quick explanation of each extraction method:

CO2 extraction is the best method and is considered to be the golden standard. There are three-types of CO2 extraction: mid-critical, sub-critical, and supercritical. The latter is the most popular, because it results in the purest CBD. In a supercritical state, CO2 acts as both a liquid and gas and can easily extract things like CBD without damaging or denaturing it.

Solvent extraction uses substances like butane, ethanol, and low-grade alcohol to complete the process. With this method, the solvent is added to the plant and used to release cannabinoids into a liquid form. From there, it is heated, turning the materials into an oil. However, this can also result in the formation of harmful chemicals, such as chlorophyll.

Olive oil extraction is the least productive and results in CBD-infused olive oil. Since it takes a long time to make, most companies do not use it. Also CBD-infused olive oil is very perishable and will quickly go rancid unless stored somewhere dark and cool.

In short, you want products made from CBD extracted with CO2.

Is The Brand Reliable?

When you are buying CBD oil online or at a store, another thing to keep in mind is the brand. Are they transparent? Do they have the necessary information printed on the label?

Check everything over. Ask yourself about the concentration, the third party testing, and even about how CBD is listed in the ingredients. Do they call it “full spectrum” or “whole plant”? Is there hemp seed oil (which is not the same as CBD oil)?

Also, if the brand makes any outrageous health claims about CBD being some kind of elixir, do not trust it. There is plenty of evidence that CBD can assist with many things, but it is by no means a cure.

Has The Product Been Tested?

One of the most important details about buying CBD is the third party lab test. If products have been tested, you will be able to find the information posted on a company’s website. Look for a certificate of analysis (COA). A COA means that the product has been checked thoroughly for CBD and verifies the products free of any dangerous contaminants.

If a brand doesn’t have a certificate of analysis, it could mean that there are impurities in the product. Or, it could be that the company forget to post the results. Either way, without certification, you cannot confirm that using the product is safe.

Also, make sure that the tests have been done according to the standards of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) [1].

What To Avoid

Knowing how to select CBD is important, which is also why we have to look at some common mistakes people make:

Don’t Buy Cheap Products

Because CBD has become more and more popular these past few years, the number of available products has also expanded. Sadly, this also has given rise to a number of unqualified and dishonest businesses. CBD is still a largely unregulated market, even in the UK, and so you need to make sure that your first focus is your well-being—not your wallet.

Avoid buying cheap or deeply discounted products, because they are probably filled with additives or extra ingredients. Sometimes, they may have harmful chemicals too.

Always choose the highest quality products with clean extraction methods that are locally sourced from industrial hemp—like those offered by Farmula.

Don’t Set Expectations Too High

Yes, CBD can promote better health and well-being, which is why it is seen as a dietary supplement, but it is not going to work the same way for everyone. Yes, CBD can help with inflammation, relieve anxiety, lessen chronic pain, and even promote more positivity. Yet, there is always going to be a disclaimer that the product “may help.”

Therefore, it is important to not let expectations get the better of you.


Shopping for CBD can be difficult if you don’t know what to look for, but this article should hopefully give you the knowledge you need to navigate stores with more confidence! Look at the concentrations of CBD, how the CBD was extracted, and whether or not the brand is reliable. And remember, CBD works differently for everyone. You may have to do some experimentation before you find something that works for you.

Did you enjoy this article? Why not read our other articles or check out our range of CBD products?

Want to stay in touch with Farmula? Sign up for news by filling out the contact form. We’ll send more info straight to your inbox.

[1] https://www.iso.org/

What Is CBD Cream? 1024 1024 The Farmula

What Is CBD Cream?

No doubt, CBD is becoming a trend throughout the world. Consumers are talking about the benefits of CBD, ranging from pain relief to less anxiety. Since pain is something no one wants to live with, it is no wonder so many people are reaching for CBD creams, tinctures, and oils to help. But is it worth it?

CBD cream is a non-addictive way to treat pain, especially pain caused by skin conditions. It doesn’t matter what you suffer from. If you are looking for relief, then you need the facts. That is why we put together this article to tell you everything you need to know about CBD cream.

What Is CBD?

Let’s first learn a bit more about most valuable ingredient in CBD creams. CBD is short for “cannabidiol,” a chemical compound called a cannabinoid found in the Cannabis stavia plant, which is divided into two separate sub-species: hemp and marijuana. CBD is often compared to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is found largely in marijuana.

Both CBD and THC can benefit the body by acting upon a system in the body known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The human body makes cannabinoids naturally (endocannabinoids) that attach to receptors, much like neurotransmitters, and have an effect on the body, such as influencing pain, sleep, and mood. Two types of cannabinoid receptors have been found—CB1 and CB2. The first type mainly works within the central nervous system, affecting the brain and spinal cord, whereas CB2 receptors are found in immune system tissues.

Interestingly, both CB1 and CB2 receptors are present in the skin. CBD works to block the effect of the receptors, making it ideal for regulating certain functions of the ECS and other neurotransmitters.

In short, CBD is a cannabinoid that can help minimize pain, anxiety, and regulate sleep by acting upon CB1 and CB2 receptors.

What Is CBD Cream?

As you have probably already figured out, CBD cream is just topical cream with a little CBD extract mixed into the formula. Topical cream usually is comprised of things like industrial hemp stems and leaves, purified oils, and lotions. Most often, CBD cream is used for skin conditions and injuries, but it can have other uses as well.

Is CBD Cream Different From CBD Oil?

Now, here is one question most people overlook. Is CBD cream any less potent than CBD oil? How does it differ in effectiveness and application? Here is the breakdown of the two main differences between CBD oil and CBD cream:

• CBD cream cannot be ingested like CBD oil. It is for topical application only.
• CBD oil cannot be used like an essential oil and rubbed on the body. It is for sublingual (under the tongue) application only.

Why might you want to use one over the other? First, if you want immediate relief for things like anxiety, you might want to try oils in the beginning. Second, if you are trying to rid yourself of internal pain, CBD cream may not be for you.

How Do You Use CBD Cream?

Using CBD cream is easy! Just like lotions, you simply need to identify the dry patch of skin or itchy spot and apply some of the ointment or cream on the area for relief.

Of course, a little more thought goes into using CBD cream. You cannot slather it all over yourself for one reason: dosing. Administering the correct dosage of CBD is a bit more confusing for creams than it is for tinctures and oils. You will need to figure out how many milligrams are correct for you and your condition so that you get the therapeutic benefits.

If you use too little, you will not have much of an effect from the cream. For those who have a high tolerance to CBD, you may have to purchase a cream with a higher concentration of cannadibiol to feel any changes.

Although there are little to no side-effects of using hemp-derived CBD creams, you should not overdo application either. The last thing you want is to become desensitized to something that helps your condition.

What Are The Benefits of Using CBD Cream?

Why do people use CBD cream? Obviously, if it was not effective and didn’t alleviate pain, CBD products would not be as popular as they are. CBD creams are a wonderful alternative to other ointments and creams, since most of CBD products have few synthetic chemicals added. Aside from that, CBD products are excellent analgesics (pain relievers).

Let’s have a look at some of the conditions CBD creams can be used for:

Skin Inflammation

CBD has an anti-inflammatory effect on the body. If your skin is inflamed from a burn or from an autoimmune disease flare up, you can use CBD cream to soothe the irritated skin and make it much less sensitive.

Dry Skin & Eczema

CBD creams often contain emollient ingredients to assist with keeping moisture in the skin, healing cracks, and preventing the painful patches caused by eczema. Plus, CBD creams will lessen the pain and discomfort that comes with dry, itchy, and blistered skin.

Join Pain

Many people use CBD products—tinctures, oils, and creams—for joint and tissue pain. Stiffness in the joints caused by diseases like arthritis or even injured ligaments can be greatly reduced with a little CBD cream. In fact, any bout of bursitis, gout, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or even pain caused by ageing can be dulled with some CBD cream.


Another painful skin condition that can be lessened with CBD cream is shingles. A branch of the chicken pox, shingles causes a burning rash and blisters that can affect the nerves and leave residual pain for many months. If there is nerve damage, the pain caused by shingles can be excruciating. Although CBD cream cannot treat shingles or reduce the time it takes for the virus to run its course, it can ease the pain.


Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder the causes inflamed, red, itchy patches of skin that look like scales to form. The breakouts often happen on the shins, around the finger and toenails, the scalp, or the elbows. Psoriasis can be very uncomfortable and even embarrassing for those who have it. CBD cream can be applied to the patches to relieve the itching and inflammation, making the breakouts less noticeable and irritating.

Muscle Pain, Strain, & Sports Injuries

Do you spend a lot of time in the gym? Are you or your child an athlete? Sports injuries, such as muscle strains, can happen to anyone, no matter how in shape they are, and that can cause a few days of discomfort. One solution to sports-related injuries is to rub sore muscles, sprains, and strains with some CBD cream and get plenty of rest. You will be amazed by how fast the pain melts away.

Can CBD Get You High?

Simply stated, CBD cream will not get you high. Any pure CBD product contains no psychoactive chemicals, so you will not get the same effects as you would if you use cannabis-infused items containing THC.

While we are on the subject of THC and psychoactive potential, let’s briefly touch on the legality of both THC and CBD. CBD has been legalized for the most part in the UK, with a few exceptions based on how the CBD is sourced and what it contains (is it pure CBD or not?). Meanwhile, THC is considered illegal, and even getting a CBD item that contains THC is considered contraband. There are many layers to CBD production and circulation, but if you buy from a reputable manufacturer or store, you should not have to worry about whether what you are purchasing is legal.

As long as you do not procure anything containing THC, you will be fine—and you won’t get high either.

Are There Any Side Effects of CBD Cream?

Presently, there are hardly any known inherent side effects to CBD products, including topical creams. If you have sensitive skin, you will have to worry more about the other ingredients in the creams and salves and not so much about the CBD content. For example, many creams will contain fragrances or chemicals that you may be allergic to or not tolerate well.

In most cases, however, the ingredients of CBD creams are natural, since as vitamin E oils, beeswax, and olive oil.

The only time you might have to worry about side effects from CBD is if you licked or ate the cream—which is not only unpalatable but also not meant for human consumption anyway. When CBD is ingested, it can cause dry mouth and a slow down in the liver’s metabolic function. The latter can be problematic if you are on any other forms of medication.

For example, if you’re on a medication for heart problems, ingesting CBD could potentially stop the medication from functioning. Don’t put yourself in that kind of danger. Do not eat your CBD cream, no matter how tempting.

Buyer’s Guide To Topical CBD Products

If you want to give CBD slave, patches, or creams a try, then you need to know where and how to get a quality product. Since much of the industry is unregulated, you need to know how to select the best of the best, wherever you are. Here are some buying tips to help:

Know outrageous claims when you see them. There are some products out there that will tell you CBD can cure cancer. Don’t believe it. CBD is not a cure for anything, just a holistic method alleviating pain, anxiety, and other ills.
Look for authenticity. Whether it comes in the form of a certificate or emblems on the label or from a local producer, you need to see some sign of authenticity. Most products purchased online will come with a certificate of authenticity that breaks down all the information you need to know, including the ingredients.
Do your research. There are thousands of CBD creams available for you to buy. It is a good idea to know a little more about the industry. Also, find out who the most reputable sellers and producers are in your area.
Read the label. Once you know what you want to buy, you need to double check that you are not getting sold solidified canola oil or something similar. Read the ingredients. Does the cream contain anything you are allergic to? Do you have any other considerations, like paraben-free or cruelty-free products? Is it British-made or from somewhere else?
Dosage is important, too. Labels will tell you how often you can use the CBD cream. Since the amount of CBD may differ from product to product, the dosing (or the intervals between when you can reapply) may be different, as well. Don’t assume that all products are the same.

Final Thoughts on Topical CBD Cream

If you have been thinking about CBD cream to your skincare or healthcare regimen, you should now have the answers to help you decide. CBD cream comes in many forms, such as lotions, salves, serums, and topical creams that can be applied directly to the skin to help with dryness, irritation, and even muscle injuries for relief from pain and discomfort. Best of all, it is a natural solution.

You have nothing to lose but the pain, so why not give CBD cream a try?

Want more information and updates related to CBD? Have questions about CBD creams or other products? Get in touch with us by filling out the contact form!


Does CBD Oil Make You Sleepy? 552 368 The Farmula

Does CBD Oil Make You Sleepy?

People have long wondered if taking hemp-derived CBD will make you tired or wake you up. Since a known side effect of marijuana and THC is sleepiness, it is thought that CBD, will do the same. Another reason for drowsiness is the terpene called myrcene, which causes what many call “couch-lock,” or a deep level of relaxation that coaxes one to sleep.

Of course, this could potentially be keeping you from trying hemp-derived CBD oils and other CBD products. You might not want to be drowsy throughout the day, especially if you have a job that requires total awareness throughout the days, or if you are an athlete with long practices. With some many responsibilities to get done throughout the day, it is no wonder you do not want to be slowed down.

So will CBD oil make you feel tired? Let’s learn the truth.

What is CBD and CBD Oil?

Before getting to the bottom of the main question, you need to know the basics of CBD. As one of the main bioactive compounds—or, cannabinoid—of Cannabis sativa (hemp and marijuana), cannabidiol (CBD) is known to have multiple medically relevant benefits. Research has discovered that CBD has anti-psychotic, antidepressant, anti-anxiety, anticonvulsant, and neuroprotective abilities, meaning it can protect your brain from nerve damage and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s.

Unlike another cannabinoid called tetrahyrdocannabinol (THC), CBD does not cause feelings of euphoria, because it lacks psychoactive effects. In other words, CBD derived from industrial hemp will not make you high.

When CBD is extracted from hemp, it is often in the form of oil that comes from the seeds and stalks of the plant. CBD oil can be taken in various ways, which will be mentioned later on.

Different CBD Oil Products

If you do not know much about CBD oil, you may be visualizing the item as something like essential oils that ran be rubbed on your wrists. While there are topical CBD creams, they are often not used for reducing anxiety or insomnia.

There are 5 ways you can take CBD oil for sleep:

Tinctures: Taken by putting a few drops under the tongue. Dosage can range from 10 mg to 1000 mg. Ingesting CBD sublingually is the best for immediate results and is an excellent option for use right before going to bed.
Capsules: One of the easiest ways to get CBD. Typically, a single capsule holds about 10-25 mg of CBD. You can easily track how much you are taking and can use capsules alongside tinctures.
Sprays: Ranging between 1-3 mg per use, oral sprays are the weakest concentration of CBD.
Vapes: According to many reports, vaporizing CBD oil tends to be the least effective way to administer CBD when compared to tinctures, capsules, and sprays. If you have stomach troubles, you may want to vape CBD oil, however.
Edibles: You can also eat CBD infused snacks, like gummies. These generally have a low dose of CBD per serving. Again, since ingested CBD can sometimes upset sensitive stomachs, this is not the best method if you have digestive issues or are on medication.

Before starting any kind of CBD product, be sure to receive clearance from a medical professional, especially if you are on medication. You should also discuss dosage with your physician to ensure you will get the maximum benefit of CBD.

How CBD Oil Works

Briefly, we touched on the medical benefits of CBD oil. Where do these benefits stem from? CBD can lessen anxiety and epilepsy and assist with other conditions by interacting to receptors found throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems and immune system. Once cannabidiol enters the body, it is seen by the body as part of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and used in homeostasis.

The endocannabinoid system is a vital system that assists with cell communication, thereby regulating appetite, mood, memory, pain, and even cell life cycles. In some studies, CBD is seen interacting with serotonin receptors and taking on a role similar to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the brain.

This means that CBD oil has an overall relaxing effect. Even if you do not feel immediately sleepy, you will feel better and less anxious throughout the day. This may lead to better rest at night.

CBD and Sleep

If CBD relaxes the mind and body, doesn’t that mean it puts you to sleep? Not necessarily. Cannabinoids can go either way. On perspective on how CBD affects sleep is that there is an indirect influence on the endocannabinoid system, which plays a role in our circadian rhythms. When your biological clock is messed up, it becomes more difficult to get to sleep and wake up at a normal time. Similarly, anxiety and depression—two things that CBD oil can help relieve—can also negatively impact your sleep cycle.

Most of the time, when people suffer from insomnia, it is a mix of anxiety, depression, and disrupted sleep cycles. Sometimes, it is pain that keeps you from sleeping restfully.

Since CBD oil can relieve pain and reduce the effects of anxiety, you will feel more relaxed. Even if you don’t necessarily feel tired, you will be able to get to sleep more easily because you are not stimulated.

Studies on CBD and Sleepiness

Scientifically speaking, every aforementioned effect of CBD is brought about by interactions with the ECS. There are two receptors that CBD typically works with: CB1 and CB2. Instead of exciting these receptors like THC, CBD can inhibit the receptors. Since CB1 is involved in releasing the neurotransmitters melatonin and serotonin, CBD prevents levels of these chemicals from dropping.

Furthermore, CBD also works with the serotonin receptor 5HT1. Cannabidiol blocks other agonists from binding to the receptor, blocking other neurotransmitters and chemicals that may imbalance serotonin and cause anxiety or depression. The hypothesized consequence of this is more relaxation or tiredness.

Animal Studies

There are two animal studies using CBD that are important, since they highlight the importance of dosage. It has been found in many studies that the amount of CBD is responsible for what you feel. A 2006 study gave micro-doses of CBD to rats and observed them. The rats that took CBD spent more hours awake than those who didn’t get the micro-dose.

Another study from 2013 that was published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology found that rats given high doses of CBD (around 10-40 mg/kg) had a significant increase in their total percentage of sleep [1].

Human Studies

Obviously, humans can tolerate much more than 10 mg of CBD a day. That is why it is essential to test CBD on people, too. Small studies involving volunteers have look into doses ranging from 160 mg/day to 600mg/day [2]. In one study using 600mg/day, the volunteers spent much more time sleeping than those who used little to no CBD throughout the day. Meanwhile, another study using 160 mg/day showed similar results, with those who used cannabidiol sleeping more.

The participants of the latter study reported sleeping longer when they used CBD and also experienced far less periods of restlessness or wakefulness. Subjects also stated that they didn’t feel hungover the next day after using CBD.

More on CBD Oil and Alertness

Turns out that CBD may have the opposite effect on people, as well. Yes, CBD can indeed reduce feelings of anxiety and depression, stop seizures and epilepsy, soothe inflammation, aid in insomnia, and even assist with certain neuropsychiatric problems. But it can also be stimulating at low doses.

What does that mean? In one of the studies above, we mentioned that a low dose of CBD (around 15 mg a day or less) [3] can make someone feel more awake than drowsy. Though these lower doses are typically mixed in with THC, it doesn’t mean that CBD by itself won’t have the same effect.

But why does this happen?

It may be misinformation in regards to the type of cannabis that is being used. There are two kinds that are used: sativa and indica.

A couple of studies have found that indica might be better at sedating people than sativa.

However, others say that whether you feel more alert or more sleepy has more to do with the breeding of the plant rather than which strain is being used. Regardless of the type of cannabis, cultivation has a direct effect on the quality and quantity of CBD extracted.

In a 2004 study [4], the human subjects reported that it was THC (15 mg/day) that made them drowsy, while those who used CBD (15 mg/day) experienced more alertness. When THC and CBD were blended, it appeared that the sedative effects of THC were slightly mollified.

Another survey from 2014 [5] asked medical marijuana users whether they preferred indica or sativa CBD for falling asleep. The majority preferred indica, saying it helped them fall asleep quicker.

So, if you are planning on using CBD for sleep and don’t want to experience the opposite, you should opt for higher dosages.

Please keep in mind that any cannabis-derived CBD oils are illegal in the UK. Only those who have access to medical marijuana should concern themselves with the kind of cannabis (indica or sativa) they are receiving.

The Bottom Line

So, will CBD make you tired throughout the day? Or does it just help you sleep better? It depends on the dosage, but in most cases, no. CBD will not make you feel lethargic throughout the day. CBD only calms the mind. When you feel calmer and more lucid, you will also feel more alert throughout the day.

Whether you want to improve your focus for an upcoming exam or want to shut down a racing mind in the evening to get some quality sleep, CBD can help you do both. Though you may want to experiment with how much CBD you need and how you take it, there are few reasons not to give CBD a try.

Want to learn more about what CBD products are available? Have questions about CBD oil that weren’t answered in this article? Fill out the contact form to get more information delivered straight to your inbox.

[1] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23343597
[2] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7028792
[3] https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/can.2015.29003.ebr
[4] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15118485
[5] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25191852


CBD Oil vs Hemp-1
CBD Oil vs Hemp Seed Oil: What’s The Difference? 1080 565 The Farmula

CBD Oil vs Hemp Seed Oil: What’s The Difference?

While investigating products containing CBD, a component of the cannabis plant, it is very easy to get overwhelmed by the sheer volume of products out there with a dozen different names. There is also a lot of terminology that can be utterly confusing to try and decode if you are new to the world of CBD. For instance, you probably came here because you are trying to figure out why CBD oil, cannabis oil, hemp seed oil, and hemp oil are all wholly different products.

To help you, we are going to put CBD oil and hemp seed oil side by side and compare them. That way, you can decide which is right for you. Let’s begin.

What Is Hemp?

Hemp is the name of a Cannabis sativa strain. You may here it referred to as “industrial hemp” in some discussions, because there are innumerable applications for hemp. The important thing, however, is that hemp has less than 0.3 percent THC, which is the psychoactive ingredient that makes you high.

Where Does Hemp Seed Oil Come From?

As you may have guessed, hemp seed oil is oil that has been expressed from hemp seeds. The extraction method for hemp seed oil is similar to how olive or coconut oil is made—via cold press.

Because hemp seed oil is derived from industrial hemp, which has virtually no THC, you don’t have to worry about any psychoactive effects. Also, it probably has very low to zero CBD in it.

What About CBD?

So, here’s what you should know already: Hemp comes from cannabis, but it contains virtually no THC like other strands. Some hemp plants contain CBD, and that is where CBD oil comes from.

But what is CBD? Also known as cannabidiol, CBD is a natural compound found in hemp flowers. While there are hundreds of phytocannabinoids in cannabis, CBD and THC are most prominent. CBD can assist with a number of medical conditions, like metabolic syndrome, autoimmune diseases, gut issues, amongst others. When CBD oil is made, the CBD is extracted then infused into an oil.

CBD Oil vs. Hemp Seed Oil: What’s Different?

There was a time when only hemp seed oil was legal, because it contained neither THC nor CBD. However, now that CBD has been legalised in the UK, what was once originally referred to as hemp oil is now called hemp seed oil to help people understand the difference between CBD hemp oil and hemp seed oil.

But while both are technically “cannabis sativa oil,” they are vastly different in their chemical makeup. That is why you have to pay strict attention to the ingredients of the CBD products you purchase.

The main difference: Hemp seed oil contains no CBD, because hemp seeds do not contain CBD. You should not buy hemp seed oil if you want to reduce feelings of anxiety or want to reduce pain. Furthermore, hemp seed oil will not help with epilepsy or psychosis symptoms.

Are There Shared Benefits?

Only CBD can relieve pain, reduce depression and anxiety, alleviate symptoms related to cancer and cancer treatment, act as an anti-psychotic, and reduce the risk of neurodegenerative diseases.

But is there anywhere the benefits of CBD and hemp seed oil overlap?

There is! Both extracts have anti-inflammatory properties, but the process is slightly different. Cannabidiol can interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system and trigger immunsuppression, which regulates immune responses and decreases inflammation. In turn, oxidative stress is lessened, reducing the impact of diseases like diabetes, arthritis, hypertension, and dementia or Alzheimer’s.

On the other hand, hemp seed oil’s acts as an anti-inflammatory mainly through its high concentration of omega fatty acids, sterols, and alcohols. This benefits the body by easing the pain of arthritis, reducing the risk of heart disease, and even decreasing your chance of getting various forms of cancer.

Another shared benefit is seen in skincare. Both CBD oil and hemp seed oil can be applied topically. The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD can mitigate acne flare ups by easing the over-productive sebaceous glands. It can even reduce the appearance of acne scars.

Meanwhile, hemp seed oil works wonders on diseases like psoriasis, eczema, and rosacea. Unlike other oils, hemp seed oil does not core your pores, since it is similar to naturally occurring lipids in the skin.

CBD Oil vs. Hemp Seed Oil: Final Thoughts

There are many products derived from hemp these days appearing on the shelves. With similar names like “hemp seed oil” and “CBD oil,” you might have found yourself flustered. Hopefully, you now understand the difference between the two. CBD oil contains phytocannabinoids that can relieve stress, anxiety, and pain, whereas hemp seed oil does not.

That doesn’t mean that hemp seed oil has no uses, but it is mainly good for reducing inflammation and treating skin conditions.

If you are looking for quality CBD products, make sure that you are buying top-quality hemp-derived CBD, not hemp seed oil. Farmula has a wide range of products crafted from organic hemp, ensuring that our CBD is superior, so you can get the relieve you want. Check out what we have to offer today!

Looking to keep in touch and get our latest promotions and updates? Fill out the contact form. We’ll deliver the exciting news right to your inbox.


Screenshot 2020-10-13 at 15.39.59
What Is The Difference Between CBD and THC? 1024 630 The Farmula

What Is The Difference Between CBD and THC?

As the interest surrounding hemp and medical marijuana grows around the world, it makes sense that consumers are becoming more intrigued by cannabis. No doubt, while doing research, you stumbled upon a number of terms, like CBD and THC. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two naturally occurring compounds in cannabis, but where they come from and how they affect the body might surprise you.

That is why we have come up with this guide to introduce you to the world of cannabinoids, the differences between CBD and THC, and how both compounds interact with the body. It is because of these dissimilarities that CBD and THC are not treated or used the same way.

What Are Cannabinoids?

Before diving into information about THC and CBD, it is essential to comprehend what cannabinoids are and how they affect the body. Currently, 85 cannabinoids have been discovered within the cannabis genus. A cannabinoid is a chemical compound that interacts with the endocannabinoid system, or ECS (more on this later). The first cannabinoid receptor in the ECS was discovered in 1988, followed by a second discovery in 1993, and more in 1995.

Two cannabinoids have become exceedingly popular around the globe: THC and CBD. Both of these cannabis compounds have nearly identical chemical structures comprised of 30 hydrogen atoms, 21 carbon atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms. The main difference between the two compounds, though, is how one atom is arranged, making any chemical dissimilarities microscopic.

As for how THC and CBD affect the human body, however, that is an entirely different story.

The Endocannabinoid System

So, the endocannabinoid system—what is it and what does it do? Presently, there is an unfortunate lack of knowledge about this system, but it is generally understand to help regulate the body’s communication between various cell systems.

Our bodies naturally produce a kind of cannabinoid called endocannabinoids, which can act as neurotransmitters with cannabinoid receptors throughout the body. Because THC and CBD have a similar chemical makeup to naturally produced endocannabinoids, the body accepts and uses them.

What Is THC?

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a prominent cannabinoid produced by cannabis, a genus of plants that produces both marijuana and hemp. THC is found mainly in marijuana and is responsible for the “high” that people experience when eating or smoking marijuana.

Studies have found that THC is highly effective in treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), cancer, inflammation, pain, insomnia, and patients suffering from medical conditions like multiple sclerosis. It works by mimicking the effect of 2-AG and anandamine, two neurotransmitters produced by the human body to assist with sleeping, eating, pain perception, and many other processes.

Benefits of THC

THC has the following effects and benefits within the body:

• Relaxation
• Euphoria
• Heightened or altered senses
• Pacifism
• Hunger and thirst
• Helps reduce the side effects of chemotherapy
• Soothes nausea and vomiting
• Reduces chronic pain and inflammation
• Assists with HIV/AIDs
• Lessens tremors from spinal injuries

Reading this, you might be thinking, “Why does THC make you high but CBD doesn’t?” The answer is slightly complicated. To be as succinct as possible, THC produces psychoactive effects because it attaches to CB1 and CB2 receptors, whereas CBD connects solely to CB2 receptors. When THC binds to CB1 receptors, it triggers euphoria, relaxation, and other known effects of being “high.”

What Is CBD?

CBD is short for cannabidiol, another cannabinoid found within hemp plants and medicinal cannabis. As mentioned earlier, CBD does not give you the characteristic high of marijuana. That is why CBD is often used for its medicinal properties, because it does not produce the same psychoactive effects of other closely related cannabinoids, like THC.

For CBD oil to be legal within the UK, it cannot contain any THC. For this reason, cannabis oil, which has THC, is not allowed within the United Kingdom.

On packaging, you may notice things like “pure,” “full spectrum,” or “isolate.” At this time, standardized terms have not been agreed upon, so you have to be careful when selecting your CBD. Opt for those that are “pure” or “isolate,” since this most likely refers to the item containing just CBD.

Although CBD isolate is not necessarily better than full spectrum blends, the latter refers to the whole plant. This means that there is more than one cannabinoid present in the product, and that can mean both CBD and THC or something else.

Benefits of CBD

CBD can help with various medical conditions, such as:

• Seizures and epilepsy
• Psychosis or other mental disorders
• Pain, chronic or acute, from cancer, neuropathy, or other conditions
• Inflammation
• Headaches and migraines
• Inflammatory bowel disease
• Depression and anxiety
• Diabetes
• Nausea
• Bacterial infections
• Arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis
• Heart disease
• Acne
• Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
• Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
• Psoriasis
• and much more

What is the Entourage Effect?

Within all this discussion about the differences between CBD and THC, the entourage effect deserves some mention. The entourage effect is the name of the phenomenon that happens when the 400 or more compounds in cannabis synchronize to create a certain effect on the body.

Let’s say you pick up 100 mg of CBD isolate oil. You might notice it is not as effective at alleviating pain as a 100 mg whole plant blend. There are those who argue that effectiveness is reduced because essential cofactors are not available. This is ultimately caused by variations in CBD oil produced from hemp versus CBD oil from cannabis, as well as cultivation practices.

Again, you need to consider this when deciding what kind of product is correct for you.

THC vs. CBD: Comparisons

Now, let’s look more closely at some sections where THC and CBD can be applied but bring out different results.

THC vs. CBD: Reactivity

One of the main differences between THC and CBD is their influence on the endocannabinoid system, so it is worth repeating. Mentioned previously, CBD and THC interact with the ECS and the specialized receptors, CB1 and CB2. By interacting with CB1 and CB2, both cannabinoids can alter the function of the ECS and encourage homeostasis. That said, the way THC and CBD complete this role is different.

THC will bind to CB1 and CB2 at a much higher affinity than CBD, which is one of the reasons it has a psychoactive effect on the body.

Meanwhile, CBD has less of an affinity for binding to either receptor and usually suppresses CB1 receptors. In fact, it may even act as an antagonist to other cannabinoids, dampening their abilities. CBD can also interact with other kinds of receptors not related to the endocannabinoid system, such as TRPV-1 vanilloid receptors (plays a role in immune response and inflammation) and 5-HT1A (serotonin) receptors.

CBD vs. THC: Side Effects

Studies report that CBD is usually tolerated by users, even when taken in larger doses. Those who take CBD regularly say that they feel calmer, more serene, and more awake. The only time users have reported negative side effects is when there are interactions between drugs and CBD. If you plan on using CBD and are on medications, it is best to speak with your physician first for clearance.

On the other hand, THC may cause the following side effects:

• Memory loss
• Slow reaction and loss of coordination
• Red, bloodshot eyes
• Dry mouth
• Increased heart rate
• Paranoia
• Uninhibited behaviour
• Hallucinations

All of these side effects are temporary and are non-fatal. That said, it is important to note that high levels of THC in the body can produce a negative psychiatric impact on adolescents and young adults. Research has found that excess consumption of THC in teens increases the risk of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders.

THC vs. CBD: Pain

Research has found that CBD is better suited for dealing with inflammation and pain caused by neuropathy, or nerve pain, whereas THC works better with cramps and muscle spasticity. However, it has also been found that high doses of THC can make pain symptoms worse. This means that, for the best effect, THC should be taken in smaller doses.

Additionally, you need to keep in mind that THC comes with some side effects that inexperienced users may had difficulty tolerating.

CBD vs. THC: Usage and Availability

Currently in the UK, THC is considered illegal, mainly because of the cognitive effects. CBD is available within the UK and is becoming a popular additive to many products. This means that you can try out a number of CBD products without worrying about THC, and you can even experiment with different dosages to see which is best for you.

Here are some examples of the kinds of CBD products available:

Vaping – a popular way to consume CBD. Be sure to check out the ingredients to make sure you are getting quality fluid. Cheap liquids can cause lung irritation.
Edibles – consumable items like CBD-infused water, CBD gummies, and more.
Oils – you can consume oils with a dropper on the tongue. These mixtures usually contain things like coconut and hemp oil alongside CBD.
Tinctures – made from herbal extracts and alcohol that are taken by dropping liquid onto your tongue.
Patches – CBD can be absorbed through the skin, so you can get the benefits without the hassle.

According to the NHS, medical cannabis, which would contain more THC than CBD, is still rarely prescribed. Only those who suffer from rare or severe forms of epilepsy, nausea and vomiting from chemotherapy, and individuals with spasms and stiffness caused by multiple sclerosis can receive medical cannabis. Otherwise, patients are given highly purified forms of cannabidiol (CBD) in capsule form.

Again, if you choose to purchase a cannabis-based product, you should check the ingredients. Sometimes, even products labelled as “pure CBD” can contain THC and will be illegal to purchase and possess.


In short, the two cannabinoids THC and CBC have multiple similarities. It is easy to see how there continues to be confusion, especially in terms of what to use CBD for and why. When you consider the differences, though, you will find that CBD has more medical benefits and lacks the psychoactive effects of THC. However, both cannabinoids can positively affect individuals based on their needs.

Want to learn more about CBD oil and what it can be used for? Have questions that were not answered in this article? Fill out the contact form to get more information delivered directly to your inbox.

Is CBD Oil Legal in the UK? 910 683 The Farmula

Is CBD Oil Legal in the UK?

In the past few years, more and more people have started purchasing cannabidiol, or CBD. Even though the potential benefits of CBD is often discussed, few people understand the rules and regulations behind it. In fact, you may even begin to wonder if the CBD products you regularly use are legal or not. Now with CBD becoming such a well-known supplement, it is time to make sure what you are purchasing is safe.

So, is CBD oil legal in the UK? Let’s find out.

What is CBD?

Also called cannabidiol, CBD is a compound found in cannabis and hemp. Unlike another chemical called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which has psychoactive effects, CBD does not make you feel high.

Cannabis plants contain over 100 different cannabinoids, or chemicals that can act on the cannabinoid receptors present in the human body through the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The cannabinoid receptors can affect the way neurotransmitters communicate with the body, and these impacts often result in beneficial outcomes, such as less pain and anxiety.

Why and How is CBD Used?

CBD has gained a lot of popularity due to its versatility. Reports have found that CBD can help ease effects of stress-related conditions, anxiety and depression, schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer’s, and even promote general health and wellness.

While more testing needs to be done to tell whether CBD truly is as beneficial as presently believed, the research results have been promising. There is also plenty of anecdotal evidence.

That said, licences for CBD oil as medicine have not yet been granted. Therefore, manufacturers cannot make any claims about medicinal benefits right now.

Certain allowances have been made within the UK government for CBD to be sold. Right now, there are hundreds of products out there to try if you are looking to start using CBD.

Here are some ways CBD oil is used:

Tinctures: A highly concentrated method for taking CBD where a few drops are taken sublingually (under the tongue). This lets the CBD absorb directly into the bloodstream for rapid effect.
Capsules: Pre-dosed capsules take a lot of the guesswork out of using CBD. These are a great option for people who don’t want to use oil and want a slightly extended release of CBD.
Edibles: Gummies, liquids, and other snacks that have been infused with CBD oil. Like capsules, the effect of edibles is not felt immediately.
Topical Creams: People who have skin conditions, arthritis, and muscle pain may find that rubbing CBD on the affected is soothing. The anti-inflammatory properties of CBD works quickly.
Vaping: CBD e-liquids are available. If you have a lung condition, it is best to consult with your GP before starting with inhalants.

But with all these options, one must ask, “Is CBD really legal in the UK,” and if so, are there are limitations or restrictions in what can be purchased?

Is CBD Oil Legal in the UK?

Currently, yes, but there is a lot of confusion about what is legal, regulated, and considered illegal. Presently, CBD oil is legal within the United Kingdom if the product has less than 0.2% THC, which falls under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.

Cannabis is still listed as a Class B substance under the Misuse of Drugs Act, but CBD is not. Because of this, some people thought to grow their own hemp or cannabis to extract their own CBD. However, this is an illegal action. You cannot do this. In order to produce CBD in the UK, you must first receive a licence and permission from the UK Home Office.

Similarly, anyone who desires to sell CBD must either be a licence medical distributor or have CBD to sell as a nutritional supplement. If CBD is going to be sold as a supplement, it must be packaged in accordance with the Food Supplements Regulations 2003.

As of 2020, the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) designated CBD as medicine within the UK, but this introduced stricter regulations.

Legal Limit of THC

Currently, there are two laws that discuss the levels of THC in cannabis and hemp products. Since THC is still considered an illegal drug, the less you have of it in a product, the better. Hemp-derived products, such as hemp seeds and hemp oil, must have less than 0.02 per cent of THC.

The standard changes if the CBD has been extracted using CO2 or a solvent, since this would mean that there should be no THC at all. This includes CBD capsules, oils, edibles, and e-liquids.

CBD as a Novel Food

As of February 2020, the European Commission and the Food Standards Agency of the UK requires any food or drink or supplement that contains CBD to have a “novel food” marker. A “novel food” is any food that has “not been consumed to a significant degree by humans in the EU before 15 May 1997, when the first Regulation of novel food came into force.” For foods to pass as a novel food it must not be a risk to the public in any way, not be nutritionally devoid or disadvantageous, and not mislead users.

Purchasing CBD in the UK

While the restrictions and laws might makes purchasing CBD oil in the UK seem difficult, it is not. If anything, you will find a more vast and varied supply of CBD products than ever before. Although all CBD products contain less than 0.2 per cent THC, they are entirely legal and easy to buy.

When you go shopping for CBD products, remember to check the ingredients list. Look for CBD extract from either hemp or cannabis. Do not purchase a product using only hemp seed oil, as this will have a low concentration of CBD.

Final Thoughts

It has only been a few short years since CBD, or cannabidiol, was introduced to the UK, but the industry has flourished immensely—even under strict regulations. Now, with recent changes as of February 2020, CBD oil is more accessible than ever before. You will now see CBD supplements in the windows of pharmacies and food stores. So, if someone was to ask whether CBD is legal in the UK or not, you can confidently tell them yes!

Looking for more information about CBD oil? Check out our other blogs. Don’t forget to fill out the contact form to receive updates and other interesting news.


What is CBD? 1080 607 The Farmula

What is CBD?

One of the hottest buzzwords this year in terms of health and wellness has to be cannabidiol, also known as CBD. You have probably seen it everyone know that it is legal. CBD water, CBD coffee, CBD gummies, CBD vape juice, CBD lotions and CBD-infused hemp oil. What does it all mean? How is it going to help you? And why are your coworkers and parents dropping CBD tinctures onto their tongues?

Yes, we are going to answer those pressing questions and more. Here is everything you need to know about the wondrous chemical compound, including what is CBD, what does CBD do to you, and much more.

What Is CBD?

For starters, CBD stands for cannabidiol, an organic compound from the resinous blossom of the cannabis plant. Cannabis has been used for nearly 3,000 years in ancient medicines, but only in modern times is CBD growing in favour with the masses for its medicinal properties and benefits. Science has also enlightened us to what CBD can do and how it works within the body.

What you need to know is that CBD is non-addictive, non-toxic, and legal within the United Kingdom, unlike another famous chemical, THC. Both CBD and THC are one of the hundreds of phytocannabinoids, or plant-derived cannabinoids, that are found in Cannabis sativa. Though THC and CBD share the same molecular profile and are extremely similar in their chemical structure, they interact with the body in different ways.

Where Does Hemp Come In?

One confusing thing about CBD oil is that where it comes from gets muddled. You have no doubt heard the terms marijuana, cannabis, and hemp all used in relation to CBD. Cannabis sativa is separated into two species, marijuana and hemp. CBD can be found in both, but you will find that it more abundant in hemp and has low levels of THC when compared to marijuana.

If you hear someone talking about hemp oil, it’s important to know that hemp oil does not equal CBD oil. Hemp oil has no CBD or THC in it and is mainly used in cosmetics.

So, What Is CBD Oil?

CBD oil refers to an extract of cannabis or hemp that has high levels of cannabidiol and, possibly, other levels of cannabinoids. It should also be known that sometimes CBD oil is used as a catch-all to categorize all forms of CBD. In reality, there are multiple forms, which will be introduced later in the article.

How Does CBD Work?

Having learned what CBD is, you should also know why it works the way it does. CBD and THC have various effects on the body, but the main way is through the endocannabinoid system (ECS). CBD can mimic certain natural compounds in our bodies, known as endogenous cannabinoids, which, incidentally, are structured similarly to phytocannabinoids.

The endocannabinoid system is essential to a healthy life, because it deals with a number of physiological functions. The ECS can influence everything from you mood, immunity, digestion, blood pressure, metabolism, stress levels, hunger, pain threshold, and bone density.

When the endocannabinoid system isn’t functioning properly, it leads to disease.

There are two receptors within the ECS that get the most attention from THC and CBD. They are the CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors are located in the brain and central nervous system, as well as in other tissues with plenty of nerve endings, such as the digestive system. Meanwhile, CB2 receptors are found in the peripheral organs and cells affiliated with the immune system.

You can already begin to see how CBD works with the body to provide relief from various physical and mental ailments.

What Does CBD Do To You?

Cannabidiol has become a popular choice for dealing with ailments around the world and in the UK. Because CBD does not have the same effects on the body as THC, the psychoactive cannabinoid from marijuana, you do not have to worry about getting “high.”

Let’s have a look at the how CBD can benefit you:

Pain and Inflammation

Depending on the kind of pain you are experiencing, CBD may not always be as effective as a mixture that contains both CBD and THC. However, there is no reason you shouldn’t give it a try. As mentioned earlier, CBD works within the endocannabinoid system (ECS). CBD influences the activity of ECS receptors, thus preventing some neurotransmitters from communicating with the rest of your system.

CBD also halts certain immune responses, particularly those that are unnecessary. CBD stops cytokine production and boost the production of T-regulatory cells. Cytokines are tiny proteins that get released from immune cells and cause inflammation.

This is usually for your benefit, since such interactions often result in reduced inflammation and pain. Autoimmune diseases often occur when there is an imbalance between cytokines and T-regulatory cells. CBD also works well for chronic pain caused by autoimmune diseases, like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and gastrointestinal diseases, like colitis and Crohn’s.

Anxiety and Depression

If you suffer from depression and anxiety, CBD might be worth a try. CBD has been found to interact with various chemical receptors in the brain, including ones that deal with serotonin, the neurotransmitter that regulates social behaviours and mood. This explains one way CBD helps you calm down and soothes an overzealous “fight or flight” response.

CBD oil has also been used to treat anxiety and insomnia in children suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder.


It is well-known that cannabis can help with all kinds of pain and nausea. Studies have long looked into the effects of both CBD and THC on cancer patients, especially those suffering from the side effects of chemotherapy. Results have proven that people who use medical marijuana and CBD products, like tinctures, experience less pain and nausea.

Other studies suggest that CBD may even slow the growth of cancerous cells by antagonizing GPR55 receptors. When activated, GPR55 receptors could be responsible for the growth of cancer. Another study found that CBD oil may be able to turn off the ID-1 gene, which is responsible for breast cancer.

Similarly, CBD might halt the spread of cancer through the body by affecting cellular function. Although this still needs research, CBD has been seen playing a part of apoptosis—cell death—for cancer cells. In other words, CBD may be able to stop cancer cells from undergoing mitosis. Again, more research has to be done, but the develops are truly exciting.


With acne being so common, it is no surprise people are willing to turn to more natural solutions for the problem. Although acne can be caused by a number of things, including bacteria, diet, inflammation, sebum production, and genetics, it may be controlled with CBD usage.

CBD contains anti-inflammatories and can halt the overproduction of sebum, thereby preventing the skin from becoming swollen and oily. Though more research needs to be done, current test tube studies have been promising. If you have skin problems, such as acne, psoriasis, or eczema, you should consider trying CBD oil.

Heart Health

Some recent studies have found that CBD can benefit the heart and circulatory system by lowering blood pressure. Even a single dose of 600 mg of CBD was found to reduce resting blood pressure. Because of this, it has been suggested that the anxiety and stress reducing properties of CBD assist with lowering blood pressure overall.

Other notable studies found that CBD can also benefit patients afflicted with cardiac arrhythmias and atherosclerosis.

Neuroprotective and Antipsychotic

Unlike THC, which has been shown to influence psychosis in adolescents at higher doses, CBD shows potential in being used as a neuroprotectant. Research posits that CBD stops the breakdown of anandamide, an endocannabinoid. Additionally, CBD can bind with the D2 dopamine receptor, which is usually the focus of antipsychotic medications.

These two abilities of CBD can help more than individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. People impacted by depression, bipolar disorder, or psychosis from Huntington’s, Parkinson’s, or substance abuse may also find relief when using CBD.

How To Find The Best CBD Oil For You

If you are up for giving CBD oil a try, then you need to know how to shop. There are many products available in stores and online all throughout the UK that sell various forms of CBD oil.

Here are some types of CBD oil you can purchase:

Tinctures: These are liquids applied under the tongue using a dropper. CBD is absorbed, enters the bloodstream, and then begins to work its magic from there. Usually, tinctures comes in glass bottles with a dropper built into the lid for proper dosage.
Capsules: Taken like typical supplements. The gel capsules are filled with oil and swallowed.
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO): Different from other kinds of CBD oil. CBD RSO refers to an extract with an alcohol base that can either be applied to your skin or ingested. It usually comes with an applicator or plastic plunger.
Vape Oil: CBD can be vaped one of two ways—as a pre-filled cartridge or as vape juice.
Dabbable Oil: Pertains to hash oil, rosin, live resins, or any other form of CBD oil that can be used in flash vaporization, or dabbing. This is not recommended for beginners. It is merely being mentioned so you know what (not) to search or ask for when shopping around.

Another aspect of CBD oil that must be kept in mind is the lack of strict regulation. The consumer is ultimately the one who has to figure out which items contain the highest concentrations of CBD. You should always purchase organic oils that have been tested and reviewed, if it is available.

You also need to know that there are three kinds of CBD oil on the market:

Full-spectrum CBD contains the complete array of compounds from cannabis, including CBD, THC, and other cannabinoids and terpenes. This kind of oil is not legal to purchase or possess in the UK.
Broad-spectrum CBD contains an array of compounds from cannabis but does not have any THC. This is allowable.
CBD Isolate contains solely CBD. Every other compound has been removed.

Broad-spectrum and CBD isolate are ideal for users who do not want to experience the effects of THC.

Lastly, CBD can be derived from either traditional cannabis (the smokable kind) or hemp. There are a couple of characteristics to note:

• Hemp-derived CBD is much more accessible than cannabis-derived CBD, partially due to legality. You can only find cannabis-derived CBD in areas that have legalized cannabis.
• Hemp will readily absorb contaminants in the soil through the process of bioaccumulation, making it more likely to contain heavy metals. Always buy organic when you can.
• Hemp is limited in chemical diversity, meaning the CBD derived from hemp may not always have a consistent effect.

Be sure to purchase from a reputable shop that sells only high-quality, authentic oils. That way, you know are getting the best CBD oil and will have relief soon.


You should now know that CBD is a form of cannabinoid that comes from both hemp and marijuana. Although CBD will not make you high, it is being touted as a pain reliever and anti-inflammatory. Whether you are suffering from anxiety or have a medical condition that keeps you from living fully, CBD oil may benefit you. Why not give it a try and see what it does for you?

Ready to learn more about CBD or sample what it can do for you? Fill out the contact form to receive more information. We look forward to hearing from you.


Epilepsy Study Has Found That One Type of CBD Is Superior
Epilepsy Study Has Found That One Type of CBD Is Superior 1024 682 The Farmula

Epilepsy Study Has Found That One Type of CBD Is Superior

Epilepsy, which affects more than 50 million people across the globe, is a complicated neurological disorder with few treatment options. That is why many people with epilepsy are currently researching the effects of CBD on their condition, because even a slight effect is better than nothing.

CBD is often thought to be a cure-all, since it can ease muscle pain and stress, promotes better sleep, and even reduce nausea caused by chemotherapy. That said, you want to make sure you are purchasing quality CBD to get these benefits; and if you plan on using it for epilepsy, you are going to want pharmaceutical CBD and nothing else.

Here’s why.

CBD Oil and Epilepsy: How It Works

As complex as epilepsy is, it is also extremely challenging to treat. Those who are afflicted with epilepsy are often on multiple medications—anticonvulsants and antispasmodics. However, anticonvulsants come with an array of debilitating side effects, such as nausea, headaches, slurred speech, liver failure, depression, and much more. When quality of life is impacted, it makes the condition difficult. Moreover, nearly 30 percent of people with epilepsy have no reaction to traditional treatments. This means that they get zero relief from anticonvulsant medication.

So what do these people do?

Up to now, there was not much individuals with epilepsy could do, but now there is hope that CBD can help. CBD oil has been found by multiple studies to produce little to no side effects and to help diminish the effects of epilepsy. This happens through CBD’s interaction with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which affects homeostasis.

CBD targets the CB1 and CB2 receptors within the central nervous system and brain. The receptors are used by neurotransmitters; when you use CBD, those neurotransmitters are indirectly impacted, and can use reduce inflammation and other triggers of epilepsy. While more research is needed to understand just how this mechanism works, for right now, scientists know that CBD oil does have a positive effect on epilepsy symptoms.

Benefits of CBD Oil For Epilepsy

Three pivotal pieces of research have looked into the benefits of CBD on Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, two severe types of epilepsy. In every study, the use of CBD oil limited the number of seizures the participants experienced. While it is unclear whether CBD directly mitigated the seizures or it if worked synergistically with epilepsy medication, the positive effect was present across the board.

Other ways CBD oil may help with epilepsy include:

  • Reducing inflammation. The most popular for using CBD is to reduce inflammation. There are glycine receptors within the central nervous system that CBD interacts with; when activated, the receptors inhibit pain sensations. CBD also disrupts cytokine production, limiting inflammation, and stops the re-uptake of adenosine, which also reduces inflammatory responses in the body.
  • Decreasing anxiety. Many people suffering from epilepsy also have anxiety. CBD can assist with decreasing anxiety by working like a serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI) by activating 5-HT1A receptors to raise serotonin levels.

    Studies on Epilepsy and CBD Oil: Why One Grade of CBD is Better

To date, there has only been one CBD product that has received approval from government agencies, such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to help treat epilepsy. The CBD drug, called Epidiolex, has been made for rare and hard to treat forms of epilepsy—Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes. This also means that only Epidiolex can be prescribed to help with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome while all others that haven’t been approved are considered illegal.

This is important. It means that not every CBD product on the shelf is going to help you deal with painful medical conditions like epilepsy. The CBD industry is hardly regulated, and there are many unscrupulous producers out there who sell knockoffs at a reduced price.

Artisanal CBD vs. Pharmaceutical CBD

One recent study has drawn the line in the sand between artisanal (not regulated) and pharmaceutical (regulated) CBD. The research was led by Dr. Nathan T. Cohen of the Children’s National Hospital in Washington, DC. The group took adolescents with an average age of 10 and tested the effectiveness of various forms of CBD oil on them. 32 percent of the participants had Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. 6 percent had Dravet syndrome.

22 participants were given pharmaceutical-grade cannabidiol while another 9 took an artisanal blend. The researchers then recorded the doses, amount of CBD in the blood, and frequency of seizures, as well as the side effects experienced. During the study, artisanal CBD was at an average of 31 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL), while pharmaceutical CBD leveled out at 124 ng/mL of blood. Interestingly, the 9 participants who took artisanal CBD saw a 70 percent increase in seizures, while those given medical-grade CBD experienced a 39 percent drop.

Unfortunately, 11 of the children and teenagers taking pharmaceutical CBD had side effects and needed to stop taking the CBD.

What do these results tell us?

First, because a lot of artisanal CBD on the market today has not been tested, it can contain very little CBD. Some brands claim to sell CBD, but they are selling formulas that contain next to nothing. Others give an amount but provide no third-party lab test to prove it. In 2017, a study was published in JAMA that stated around 70 percent of artisanal CBD products did not contain the amount of CBD listed on the packaging, so do your research.

Another study from 2018 published in Forensic Science International stated that some CBD vape liquids carry synthetic cannabinoids, such as 5F-ADB, a Schedule-1 controlled substance, and dextromethorphan, which is often abused.

This means that, if you are trying to treat epilepsy with CBD, you need to purchase quality-assured CBD products from a reputable brand. Furthermore, you need to discuss treating yourself with CBD with a medical professional. Visit your GP and talk about CBD, learn how it may affect your condition and interact with your current medications. Do not purchase cheap CBD brands, because it could come back to hurt you.


Do not purchase cheap CBD brands, because it could come back to hurt you. This holds true for regular CBD use and if you want to use it for your epilepsy. Conventional treatments for epilepsy do not always work, but pharmaceutical CBD may be able to help with your symptoms.

Interested in high quality CBD products to help with nausea, anxiety, and pain? Check out the Farmula’s full line of CBD oils and more. We have something for everyone.

Don’t forget to fill out the contact form to receive updates from us delivered straight to your inbox.

How Does CBD Oil Affect Your Mood?
How Does CBD Oil Affect Your Mood? 1024 682 The Farmula

How Does CBD Oil Affect Your Mood?

Mood can be affected by dozens of factors every single day. From the moment you wake up to the instant you go to bed, you are exposed to a barrage that can cause stress, sadness, and even anxiety or depression or both. Our minds shift to how we perceive the world, but sometimes you can’t control how you react to certain things. Sometimes, you need help.

If you ever thought about how CBD oil affects your mood and if it can help you feel happier or more content, then keep reading. We answer those questions and more below.

What Causes Mood Swings? What About Depression?

Mood swings have several causes. Some are generated from a physical or mental condition, and others develop in times of stress, be it financial, work-related, or something else. Sometimes, you get moody because you aren’t sleeping that well. Other conditions can be from hormonal imbalances, bipolar disorder, depression, or schizophrenia.

Symptoms of mood swings include:

  • Poor decision-making
  • Feelings of hopelessness
  • Fatigue
  • Inability to focus or concentrate on tasks
  • Upset appetite

You might notice that these symptoms can also reflect depression. Many continue to believe that depression is the result of hormonal or chemical imbalances, such as a lack of serotonin. Serotonin is indeed an essential piece of the puzzle, but that is not the only thing that is linked to a poor mood.

Other things, like chronic stress, trauma, and inflammation can cause depression and mood swings, too.

With more than one route leading to depression and dour moods, it is obvious that there is no single route to “feeling better” either. However, you may be able to regulate your moods and feel more positive about life by adding CBD oil to your current health regimen.

What Is CBD Oil?

So what is this thing called “CBD” anyway? You have definitely heard about CBD by now. It’s one of the major buzzwords throughout the world. Also known as cannabidiol, CBD is a chemical compound derived from the cannabis sativa plant, which is responsible for both industrial hemp and cannabis.

CBD is a lot like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound of cannabis, minus the effects that give you a high. That is why CBD is used more often to quell anxiety and help you feel relaxed. It is also why CBD is 100% legal for all ages and demographics throughout the UK and many other countries.

How Does CBD Oil Affect Your Mood?

CBD has an unusual affect on the body—as well as your mood. The human body has something called the endocannabinoid system that contributes to sleep, appetite, immunity, and relaxation. In other words, when the endocannabinoid system isn’t working properly, your mood is probably horrendous. You might even experience mood swings and depression.

When you take CBD oil in any form, those cannabinoids bind to receptors present throughout the endocannabinoid system, regulating homeostatic balance. It has even been reported that CBD raises the amount of anandamide in the brain, which is essential in the performance of two pivotal neurotransmitters—serotonin and dopamine.

Other Ways CBD Helps Regulate Mood

There are other reasons why CBD helps with regulating mood and diminishing the effects of depression. First, CBD is said to have neuroprotective properties. What this means is that it shields the brain from neurodegenerative diseases and damage as you age.

Second, while the effects aren’t yet totally understood, CBD may also be mildly anti-psychotic. The effect is mainly seen when CBD is working in conjunction with THC, for it dampens the psychoactive effects of THC and moderates THC’s ability to make people feel anxious. When you don’t have THC working on your system, however, CBD instead indirectly works with dopamine and serotonin.

Interestingly, CBD may be able to assist with something called “neurogenesis,” or regeneration of neurons, within the brain [1]. During the approval process for a drug meant to help those suffering from epilepsy, it was found that CBD can protect neurons in the brain’s hippocamus. This happens through the stimulation of the endocannabinoid system [2[, the increase of brain-deprived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) [3], activation of serotonin receptors [4], and binding to PPAR receptors, which manufacture neuro-protective and anti-inflammatory chemicals [5].

How To Use CBD To Improve Your Mood

If you are interested in using CBD to your advantage and improving your mood, then you need to know how to use CBD effectively. CBD comes in an array of dispensing methods, flavors, concentrations, and so on. Further, the way you take CBD and the amount that you need to feel any effect on your mood is going to be dependent on things like your tolerance, your genes, metabolism, and weight. That means that people who use CBD to assist with their anxiety might use a completely different strength and potency than you do.

The good news is that there are plenty of ways to get enough CBD throughout the day to affect your mood. You can try sublingual tinctures, CBD edibles, capsules, or vaping.

Scientific research that has looked into CBD for mood disorders states that improvement occurs with higher dosages—around 400-600 mg a day over several weeks. However, you might need to build up to this amount, so start off around 15 mg a day and see how you feel. Then work up to the higher dose. If you have experience taking CBD products, then you might be able to start with a greater amount.

From there, monitor your mood. Note your energy levels, how regular your moods become, and if you are feeling any side effects. From there, you can customize your CBD routine!

Try Farmula CBD Today

CBD is a brilliant method for improving your mood without any side effects. Bot only does CBD help soothe pain and inflammation, but it can also regulate your mood, help you sleep better, and dissolve any tension that you feel. Although more research needs to be done on the mild antidepressant effects of CBD, you have nothing to lose.

If you want to feel more relaxed and lucid, check out Farmula’s selection of tinctures and other CBD products. We have something for everyone.

Want to stay up-to-date with our latest news, promotions, and blogs? Then fill out the contact form to get information sent directly to your inbox. And you have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us.

The Hidden Antibiotic Potential of Cannabis
The Hidden Antibiotic Potential of Cannabis 1024 684 The Farmula

The Hidden Antibiotic Potential of Cannabis

Times are hard. Every day greets you with heaps of anxiety, sleepless nights, and fear of getting sick. If you have other medical conditions, you might find them exacerbated by the continuous stress that current global circumstances have wrought. But if you’re using CBD products, you might be just a little better off. Your immune system, for one, may already be supported by cannabinoids.

With everything that CBD and other cannabinoids found in the miraculous cannabis plant is noted for doing, can we also rely on it to defeat superbugs? Turns out that researchers have found cannabis has antibiotic potential.

Here is everything you need to know about the studies and more.

How Can CBD Support My Immune System?

First, before getting into the recent discoveries, let’s first review the benefits of CBD, the non-psychoactive compound found in hemp and cannabis. CBD and other cannabinoids, like THC, work with the body’s endocannbinoid system (ECS), which is responsible for regulating homeostasis, including immune responses.

The ECS is a very complex system and still not entirely understood, but it is obvious that the endocannabinoid system and CBD work synergistically. That is why CBD can help you manage stress, regulate your sleep schedule, and reduce pain and inflammation.

Even without cannabis’ hidden antibiotic superpowers, CBD alone is an excellent supplement for immune health!

Antibiotics in Cannabis

Back in February 2020, a time that seems ages prior to the onset of a global pandemic, there was a group of researchers from Canada’s McMaster University who found that a phytocannabinoid in cannabis called cannabigerol (CBG) has the power to overcome methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, otherwise known as MRSA. As you may know, MRSA is dangerous because of an astounding resistance to antibiotics.

CBG, much like cannabidiol (CBD) will not get you high, but it can potentially save your from MRSA and like infections, according to the McMaster University researchers. In the study, cannabinoids were investigated to see which commercially available ones had the highest levels of antibiotic activity. The group eventually focused on CBG. The cannabinoid showed a remarkable ability to stop bacteria from creating biofilm—communities of microorganisms—by attacking the bacteria’s cell membranes.

Although more research is needed, CBG could eventually become a way to treat superbugs and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the near future. That said, you don’t have to wait to start taking CBG. Many CBD products contain CBG as well, so you can bolster your immune system now.

CBD as an Antibiotic and Antimicrobial

In 2019, a study that supports the more latest developments in antibiotic research was reported by Mark Blaskovich, PhD, from the Centre for Superbug Solutions at the University of Queensland, Australia. Blaskovich and the other researchers created a synthetic CBD that was capable of killing Gram-positive bacteria, including bacteria that could cause pneumonia. Some of the species of bacteria that were successfully killed with CBD included Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Enterococcus faecalis.

Furthermore, Blaskovich’s research revealed that CBD didn’t cause antibiotic resistance in the tested bacteria, which is an excellent sign. It means that CBD could help assist in the treatment of superbugs.

Other research done by Italian and British scientists has found that CBD has a natural ability to kill bacteria before it can spread, thereby assisting in the treatment of many infections.

Perspective on the Data

Another microbiologist, Brandon Novy of Reed College, stated that the results of several studies, including the ones conducted by Blaskovich, are promising. He believes that, because the bacteria cannot create biofilm, CBD and CBG may become a key ingredient in future antibiotics and antimicrobial medication. “Biofilm,” states Novy, “is an important part of the whole infection process… It helps the bacteria attach [to a surface or host] and survive.”

Now, researchers are looking to find whether there is such a thing as a toxic dose of CBG and what is the best method of delivery of CBD to ensure these antibiotic effects are maximized.


Taking into account the research being done on CBD and other cannabinoids, it is obvious that CBD products are going to become much popular and potentially become more than just a complementary supplement to treatment. Perhaps one day, it won’t be unheard of to take a CBD-based antibiotic. For now, though, you can enjoy a heightened immune system by using a broad range of CBD products from Farmula, including tinctures and salves.

Remember that you should always discuss options with a GP prior to using CBD, especially if you are using other medications and prescribed antibiotics.

Want to know more about CBD and all its benefits? Check out our other blogs. Don’t forget to fill out the contact form to receive more information and updates delivered right to your inbox.

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